Species Of Dolphins
Dolphins are easily recognizable despite the fact that there are over 40 different species of them. The similarities between the species come in terms of shape and form, which makes them all easy to identify as dolphins even for the untrained eye. There are, however, many differences between the individual species which warrant their classification as different from each other.
Perhaps the most controversial species of dolphin in terms of name and recognition as belonging to the dolphin genus is the killer whale. Despite its misleading name, the killer whale (or orca) is actually a type of dolphin. Their dark skin and white markings make them unlike any other species in terms of markings and their size is the largest of all of the dolphins, and puts them more on a level with whales. Despite all of these differences, they are most definitely dolphins and are some of the most recognizable ones at that.
There are 5 species of river dolphin which are the only ones who can survive in freshwater. These dolphins live in different rivers in Asia and South America but cannot be seen on any other continent. This classification applies to the south Asian river dolphin, Ganges river dolphin, indus river dolphin, amazon river dolphin, Bolivian river dolphin and la plata dolphin. River dolphins are the most diverse in terms of color as you will find white, pink, yellow, grey, brown or black ones.
Another species of river dolphin, the bajii, was declared extinct in 2006 when a search carried out over 45 days failed to find a single individual dolphin living in their native habitat of the Yangtze River. Sadly, sonar pollution, the damming of rivers and the depletion of fish stocks contributed to the extinction of the bajii and there is now one less dolphin species on the planet than there were just a few years ago.
Below is a list of the most common species of dolphin found on the planet today:
Albino Dolphin, Amazon River Dolphin, Atlantic Hump-Backed Dolphin, Atlantic Spotted Dolphin. Atlantic White Sided Dolphin, Black Dolphin, Bottlenose Dolphin, Chinese River Dolphin, Common Dolphin, Dusky Dolphin, Ganges River Dolphin, Hour Glass Dolphin, Hump-Back Dolphins, Indus River Dolphin, Irrawaddy Dolphin, Killer Whale (Orca), La Plata River Dolphin, Moray Firth Dolphin, North Island Hector’s Dolphin, Pacific White- sided Dolphin, Pantropical Spotted Dolphin, Risso’s Dolphin, Striped Dolphin, White Beaked Dolphin.Dolphin Facts | Dolphin Information | Dolphin Species | Dolphins FAQ