Where do dolphins live?
There are dolphins present in all of the oceans of the world. Different species prefer different types of water, but there are many places in the world where you will find two or more different species of dolphin living in the same area.
The vast majority of dolphins are marine dolphins. This means that they live in saltwater environments. There are, however, 4 different species of river dolphin which live only in freshwater. These dolphins have adapted differently to marine dolphins so that they are more suited to a cramped, river environment. There is just one species of river dolphin, the La Plata dolphin, which lives in a saltwater habitat. This particular dolphin lives right by the coast and in saltwater estuaries in the waters just off the coast of southeastern South America.
There are species of marine dolphin which prefer to live in coastal areas. These dolphins are easier to be spotted from the shore and you will not necessarily need to go out in a boat to find them. Other dolphins like shallow water, but prefer to live away from the coast. These species of dolphin will congregate around shelves in the ocean floor. These are patches of shallower water which are located further out to sea.
Killer whales are the only dolphins which thrive in the Arctic and Antarctic’s Southern oceans. Their large size means that they have more protection against the harsh cold of the freezing seas. Most other dolphins prefer tropical and temperate waters. Dolphins are warm-blooded and it requires a lot more energy to keep their temperature regulated in cold waters. This is why you will find fewer species of dolphin as you travel further towards either pole.
The Burrunan dolphin probably has the most localized habitat of any species of marine dolphin. Burrunan dolphin’s a subspecies of the bottlenose dolphin and are only found in a couple of populations off the coast of Australia.
There are also a considerable number of dolphins which live in captivity across the world. Their high level of intelligence means that they are easy to train and their impressive acrobatic skills make for very entertaining shows. They are incredibly popular with tourists and sadly this means that they will continue to be kept in captivity for many years to come. Almost all countries in the world are home to a number of dolphins living in captivity in some form or another.Dolphin Facts | Dolphin Information | Dolphin Species | Dolphins FAQ